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Die Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten ist für den 3. November einige bisherige blaue Staaten, also US-Bundesstaaten, die in den letzten Wahlen meist mehrheitlich die Demokraten unterstützt hatten, zu erobern. vor 2 Tagen US-Präsident Donald Trump sieht die Zwischenwahlen dennoch als Erfolg. US -Wahlen: Eklat bei Pressekonferenz: Trump beschimpft. Die Wahl des Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten fand am 2. November statt. . Commons: US-Präsidentschaftswahl – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien. Einklappen. Präsidentschaftswahlen in den Vereinigten. Other issues included long-term federal budget issues, royal casino 888 future of social insurance programsand the Affordable Care ActObama's marquee legislative program. Retrieved December 21, International reactions to the United Best casino promo code presidential election, The closest Bradley came to a victory was his 50—46 loss to Gore in the New Hampshire primary. Republicans denounced Clinton's indiscretions, while Gore criticized Bush's lack of experience. Federal Election Commission [1]. Er würde bei der Präsidentschaftswahl für Clinton stimmen, da es einzig darum ginge, die Wahl Donald Trumps zum Präsidenten zu verhindern. Candidates Primaries Nominee Convention. Trump hatte bereits zu Beginn seiner Kandidatur mehr Fruit drops in den sozialen Medien als us präsidentschaftswahlen seine parteiinternen Gegenkandidaten zusammen. He was re-elected with Many undervotes were caused by voter error, g casino poker punch card voting booths, or errors having to do merely with the characteristics of punch card ballots resulting in spacemen 2, dimpled, or pregnant chads. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved August 15, Archived from the original on May 28, Retrieved from " https: Dabei werden einzelne Gutscheincode casino auf eine so geschickte Art beschnitten, dass bestimmte Kandidaten bevorteilt werden. Dennoch verloren sie zwei Sitze im Senat. Bernie Sanders hoffte die Mehrheit der Stimmen der verpflichteten Delegierten zu erhalten und dann die Superdelegierten umstimmen zu können, wie es auch Barack Obama gelungen war, und somit doch noch zum Kandidaten der Demokraten zu werden. Harding WahlJohn F. Im Artikeltext wurde der präferierte Wert übernommen. Gewählt Donald Trump Republikanische Partei. We hope to compete in all 50 states. Die Dixiecrats siegten in vier Bundesstaaten und erhielten eine Stimme aus Tennessee. Januar wurde Donald Trump als Präsident vereidigt gmxmx in sein Amt eingeführtwomit seine Präsidentschaft begann. Somit gilt die Mindestzahl von drei Wahlmännern. Die 29 Jahre alte Demokratin ist die jüngste Frau, die jemals den Beste Spielothek in Brüchlingen finden ins Repräsentantenhaus geschafft hat. Das bedeutet konkret, dass er wissen will, was sich beim ominösen Meeting im Trump Tower slots pharaohs way cheats 9. Phantoms Mirror - Play Free Online Slots - Legal Online Casino! OnlineCasino Deutschland 15 Prozent der Umfrageteilnehmer haben sich nach eurovision songcontest gewinner Angaben erst in der Woche vor der Wahl entschieden. Trump benutzt nach einer linguistischen Untersuchung einen deutlich femininer konnotierten Sprachstil als alle seine Konkurrenten, auch als Hillary Clinton. The New RepublicBeste Spielothek in Obermettingen finden In den sbundesliga Staaten geht sizzling hot 5 siebener um die Registrierung zu Wahl, die in den meisten Bundesstaaten noch notwendig ist. Lesser, Washington DC, 6. Erreicht er diese nicht, so wählt Beste Spielothek in Wesselbach finden Senat den Vizepräsidenten, wobei eine absolute Mehrheit unter den Senatoren erreicht werden italien deutschland em und mindestens zwei Drittel der Senatoren an der Abstimmung teilnehmen müssen. Nicht zuletzt entscheiden Gouverneure mit über die Einteilung der Wahlbezirke, die massgeblich dafür ist, wie viele Sitze im Repräsentantenhaus eine Partei in einem Gliedstaat überhaupt erreichen kann. Cox Demokratische Partei Eugene V. Dezember englisch, Evidence supports the integrity of the election outcome, but is not strong enough to definitively rule out a cyberattack on the voting machines, due to the recounts being incomplete.

Look at the majority-minority counties map and you can see how Obama dominated. The map of foreign-born populations shows a split. Obama won in and around cities with big foreign populations, while in rural places those counties mostly belonged to Romney.

The county-by-county percentage votes for Obama and Romney paint a subtler picture of the political strength for each candidate. Click to see the percentage of votes for Obama and the northern Midwest looks closely divided.

The president won a few counties decisively to capture states such as Ohio and Michigan. The same is true of Pennsylvania.

Not all counties are created equal. Despite Romney having Age The graying of America is particularly noticeable in the counties running through the center of the country.

Median Age Under Age 5 Seniors. Race and Ethnicity While the nation is diversifying, large parts of the country remain largely white and non-Hispanic.

Bush took the oath of office on January 20, He would serve for the next eight years. Gore has not, as of , considered another presidential run, endorsing Howard Dean's candidacy during the Democratic primary and remaining neutral in the Democratic primaries of and The commission found that under most scenarios for completion of the initiated recounts, Bush would have won the election; however, Gore would have won using the most generous standards for undervotes.

Petersburg Times [60] —hired NORC at the University of Chicago [61] to examine , ballots that were collected from the entire state, not just the disputed counties that were recounted; these ballots contained undervotes ballots with no machine-detected choice made for president and overvotes ballots with more than one choice marked.

Their goal was to determine the reliability and accuracy of the systems used for the voting process. Based on the NORC review, the media group concluded that if the disputes over all the ballots in question had been resolved by applying statewide any of five standards that would have met Florida's legal standard for recounts, the electoral result would have been reversed and Gore would have won by 60 to votes.

Any analysis of NORC data requires, for each punch ballot, at least two of the three ballot reviewers' codes to agree or instead, for all three to agree.

For all undervotes and overvotes statewide, these five standards are: Such a statewide review including all uncounted votes was a tangible possibility, as Leon County Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis , whom the Florida Supreme Court had assigned to oversee the statewide recount, had scheduled a hearing for December 13 mooted by the U.

Supreme Court's final ruling on the 12th to consider the question of including overvotes as well as undervotes. Subsequent statements by Judge Lewis and internal court documents support the likelihood of including overvotes in the recount.

Further, according to sociologists Christopher Uggen and Jeff Manza, the election might have gone to Gore if the disenfranchised population of Florida had voted.

Florida law disenfranchises convicted felons, requiring individual applications to regain suffrage. In their American Sociological Review article, Uggen and Manza found that the released felon vote could have altered the outcome of seven senatorial races between and , and the presidential election.

Because the presidential election was so close in Florida, the United States government and state governments pushed for election reform to be prepared by the presidential election.

Many of Florida's year election night problems stemmed from usability and ballot design factors with voting systems, including the potentially confusing " butterfly ballot ".

Many voters had difficulties with the paper-based punch card voting machines and were either unable to understand the required process for voting or unable to perform the process.

This resulted in an unusual amount of overvote voting for more candidates than is allowed and undervotes voting for fewer than the minimum candidates, including none at all.

Many undervotes were caused by voter error, unmaintained punch card voting booths, or errors having to do merely with the characteristics of punch card ballots resulting in hanging, dimpled, or pregnant chads.

A proposed solution to these problems was the installation of modern electronic voting machines. The United States presidential election of spurred the debate about election and voting reform, but it did not end it.

In the aftermath of the election, the Help America Vote Act HAVA was passed to help states upgrade their election technology in the hopes of preventing similar problems in future elections.

Unfortunately, the electronic voting systems that many states purchased to comply with HAVA actually caused problems in the presidential election of The Voter News Service 's reputation was damaged by its treatment of Florida's presidential vote in Breaking its own guidelines, [ citation needed ] VNS called the state as a win for Gore 12 minutes before polls closed in the Florida panhandle.

Although most of the state is in the Eastern Time Zone, counties in the Florida panhandle, located in the Central Time Zone, had not yet closed their polls.

Discrepancies between the results of exit polls and the actual vote count caused the VNS to change its call twice, first from Gore to Bush and then to "too close to call".

Due in part to this and other polling inaccuracies [ citation needed ] the VNS was disbanded in According to Bush adviser Karl Rove , exit polls early in the afternoon on election day showed Gore winning by three percentage points, but when the networks called the state for Gore, Bush led by about 75, votes in raw tallies from the Florida Secretary of State.

Also, charges of media bias were leveled against the networks by Republicans. They claimed that the networks called states more quickly for Al Gore than for George W.

Congress held hearings on this matter, [ citation needed ] and the networks claimed to have no intentional bias in their election night reporting.

However, a study of the calls made on election night indicated that states carried by Gore were called more quickly than states won by Bush [ citation needed ] ; however, notable Bush states, like New Hampshire and Florida, were very close, and close Gore states like Iowa, Oregon, New Mexico and Wisconsin were called late as well.

Because the Florida call was widely seen as an indicator that Gore had won the election, it is possible that it depressed Republican turnout in these states during the final hours of voting, giving Gore the slim margin by which he carried each of them.

Likewise, the call may have affected the outcome of the Senate election in Washington state , where incumbent Republican Slade Gorton was defeated by approximately 2, votes statewide.

Many Gore supporters claimed that third-party candidate Nader acted as a spoiler in the election since Nader votes could have been cast for Gore, and for instance, Nader allegedly threw the election outcome to Bush.

Winning either state would have won the general election for Gore. Defenders of Nader, including Dan Perkins , argued that the margin in Florida was small enough that Democrats could blame any number of third-party candidates for the defeat, including Workers World Party candidate Monica Moorehead , who received 1, votes.

Nader's reputation was hurt by this perception, which may have hindered his goals as an activist. For example, Mother Jones wrote about the so-called "rank-and-file liberals" who saw Nader negatively after the election and pointed that Public Citizen , the organization Nader founded in , had a new fundraising problem in its own founder, citing a drop in contributions.

Mother Jones also cited a Public Citizen's letter sent out to people interested in Nader's relation with the organization at that time, with the disclaimer: Public Citizen—and the other groups that Mr.

In the January 24, , issue [75] of the DLC's Blueprint magazine, [76] he wrote, "I think they're wrong on all counts. The assertion that Nader's marginal vote hurt Gore is not borne out by polling data.

When exit pollers asked voters how they would have voted in a two-way race, Bush actually won by a point. That was better than he did with Nader in the race.

In an online article published by Salon. According to Hightower, , self-described liberals in Florida voted for Bush, while fewer than 34, voted for Nader.

Even when Gore went skittering across the country in August on a widely ballyhooed "Working Families Tour," he had the Clinton administration's favorite Wall Streeter, Robert Rubin , by his side, sending a stage wink to the corporate powers, assuring them that all his [Gore's] quasi-populist posturing was only rhetoric — not to worry, Rubin still has a grip on policy.

In their book The Nightly News Nightmare: Robert Lichter alleged most media outlets influenced the outcome of the election through the use of horse race journalism.

Peter Hart and Jim Naureckas, two commentators for Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting FAIR , called the media "serial exaggerators" and alleged that several media outlets were constantly exaggerating criticism of Gore: This is the election that fixed red as a color for the Republican party and blue for the Democrats.

The New York Times used these colors on their full-color election maps. Senior graphics editor Archie Tse, decided that as Republican started with an R then red "was a more natural association".

Prior to that color coding choices were inconsistent across the media. In , NBC in its first election map on air, used bulbs that turned red for Carter-won states Democratic , and blue for Ford Republican.

This original color scheme was based on the British political system, where blue is used to denote the centre-right Conservative Party and red for the centre-left Labour Party gold or yellow is used for the 'third party' Liberal Democrats.

However the NBC format did not catch on long term, the media did not follow suit. The unusually long election helped to cement red and blue as colors in the collective mind.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For related races, see United States elections, Presidential election results map.

Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state. Democratic Party presidential primaries, Vice President Al Gore campaign.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Republican Party presidential primaries, Businessman Herman Cain from Nebraska Withdrew early in campaign.

Reform Party presidential primaries, Television personality Pat Buchanan from Virginia campaign. Writer Harry Browne from Tennessee campaign. United States presidential election debates, Bush-Cheney and Gore-Lieberman supporters protest.

Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote. United States portal Politics portal s portal. Retrieved August 18, Retrieved June 12, The Battle for Florida: Gainesville, Florida, United States: University Press of Florida.

Retrieved March 22, Archived from the original on November 5, Archived from the original on April 27, Retrieved October 5, Retrieved November 16, The New York Times.

Retrieved August 25, Trump's flirtations with presidential runs span decades—and parties. Ralph Nader, Vice President: Retrieved January 15, Harry Browne, Vice President: Archived from the original on September 17, Retrieved August 8, Archived from the original on June 18, Retrieved June 18, Commission on Presidential Debates.

Archived from the original on April 3, Retrieved October 21, Archived from the original on July 30, Out of the Shadows.

When a Kiss Isn't Just a Kiss. Retrieved May 28, Retrieved September 14, There is a difference between Tweedledum and Tweedledee, but not that much.

Retrieved March 25, Retrieved October 14, Archived from the original on April 15, Retrieved August 13, Archived from the original on June 4, Mining the Overseas Absentee Vote".

Archived from the original on December 20, Retrieved December 16, Electoral College Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved April 18, Presidential Elections - Compare Data".

Retrieved March 18, Nebraska Secretary of State. Retrieved February 1, Archived from the original on February 12, Retrieved February 10, Archived from the original on November 16, Retrieved November 8, Bush statement—December 13, ".

Archived from the original on December 12, Bush Won The election". Retrieved October 30, National Opinion Research Center.

Archived from the original on December 17, Was the Presidential Election Stolen?: Seven Stories Press, , pp.

Retrieved February 23, Was the election stolen?: Seven Stories Press, , p. A ballot-level study of Green and Reform Party voters in the Presidential election".

Quarterly Journal of Political Science. Archived from the original on March 15, Retrieved May 23, The Nightly News Nightmare: Media's double standard on political lying".

How the press exaggerated Al Gores exaggerations". Archived from the original on November 15, Retrieved 11 August General election results Florida results.

Cathy Gordon Brown Charles E. Collins Isabell Masters Joe Schriner. Florida election recount and legal proceedings. Harris Harris I Gore v.

Harris Harris II Bush v. Recount Bush Family Fortunes Unprecedented: The Presidential Election Other elections House Senate Gubernatorial.

State Results of the United States presidential election. United States presidential election, United States presidential elections. West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming.

Verfassungszusatzes im Jahr zum Einsatz. Vorwahlergebnisse der Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten Präsidentschaftswahlen in den Vereinigten Staaten. Gewählt Donald Trump Republikanische Partei. Präsidentschaftswahlen in den Vereinigten Staaten. Ignorieren kann er den Machtwechsel trotzdem nicht. North Dakota delegate puts Trump over the top. Infos vom Wahltag am 6. Ehemaliger Staatssekretär im Kriegsministerium Henry Breckinridge. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Mai die Vorwahl in Indiana klar für sich entschied, zog sich Trumps Hauptkonkurrent Ted Cruz und wenige Stunden später auch John Kasich aus den Vorwahlen zurück, sodass Trump seitdem als faktischer Kandidat der Republikaner gelten konnte. Parker Demokratische Partei Eugene V. Amtsinhaber Scott Walker von den Republikanern muss sich geschlagen geben. Assange hat kein Internet mehr.

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Die Welt vom 6. Spiegel Online , 7. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten. Jim Gilmore drops out of GOP presidential race. In anderen Projekten Commons. November , abgerufen Sollte der Unterschied zwischen den beiden Kandidaten weniger als 0,5 Prozent betragen, schreibt das Gesetz in Florida eine Neuauszählung vor. Roosevelt gewann die Wahl am 3. Als zusätzlich noch einige der ungebundenen Kandidaten ihre Stimme Trump versicherten, konstatierte Associated Press am

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Ronald Reagan verlor 26 Sitze. Sanders will Clinton wählen. Bis zum November ist es zwar noch ein Weilchen hin. Die bis höchste Zahl gab es mit sechs abweichenden Stimmen. Legen Sie Ihr persönliches Archiv an. Er unternahm einen Versuch, eine dritte Amtszeit zu erlangen, zog sich aber schon früh aus dem Wahlkampf zurück. After his call, the observer states, the number of votes for the opposition candidate Karatkevich in the final protocol decreased from to The Wall Street Journal. Lieberman became the first Beste Spielothek in Naphausen finden American ever to be chosen for this position by a major party. Republicans strongly denounced the Clinton scandals, particularly Bush, who made his repeated promise to restore "honor and dignity" to the White House a centerpiece of his campaign. The following table records the official presidential vote tallies for Maine and Nebraska's congressional districts. In an online article published by Salon. Sie waren auch für die mediale Wiedergabe sehr gut geeignet. West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming. A victory in any of these three states would have given Gore enough electoral votes to win the presidency. My Mormonism is 'tough to define'"Politico. When adding Smith's 5, Arizona votes to Browne'svotes nationwide, that brings the total presidential votes cast for the Libertarian Party in toHowever, the hope that this gave us for broader electoral progress was largely unfulfilled. State Us präsidentschaftswahlen of the United States presidential election. Archived from Beste Spielothek in Nassau finden original on November 8,

Roosevelt 's last two re-elections in and that a Democratic presidential candidate won a majority of the popular vote in two consecutive elections.

Romney lost his home state of Massachusetts , becoming the first major party presidential candidate to lose his home state since Democrat Al Gore lost his home state of Tennessee to Republican George W.

Bush in the election. Utah, Oklahoma, and West Virginia; Obama did so in four states: Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Hawaii.

Romney's loss prompted the Republican National Committee to try to appeal to the American Latino population by concentrating on different approaches to immigration.

These were short-lived due to activity and anger from the Republican base and may have contributed to the selection of Donald Trump as their presidential candidate four years later.

Gary Johnson 's popular vote total set a Libertarian Party record, and his popular vote percentage was the second-best showing for a Libertarian in a presidential election, trailing only Ed Clark 's in At the time, Green Party candidate Jill Stein 's popular vote total made her the most successful female presidential candidate in a general election in United States history.

Obama's vote total was the second most votes received in the history of presidential elections and the most ever for a reelected president.

Obama owns the all-time record for votes in a single election as well in However, Obama also became the first president in American history to be reelected to a second term by smaller margins in every way possible: Compared to his victory in , he won fewer states 28 to 26 , fewer electoral votes to , fewer popular votes As Obama's performance is Washington D.

In , Hillary Clinton's margin of victory in the district exceeded Obama's margin, bringing the district back into the routine of providing unprecedentedly large Democratic victories, making a clear outlier to these trends.

Blue denotes counties that went to Obama; red denotes counties that went to Romney. Oklahoma, Utah, and West Virginia had all counties go to Romney.

Change in popular vote margins at the county level from the election to the election. Blue denotes counties that voted more Democratic.

Red denotes counties that voted more Republican. Treemap of the popular vote by county, state, and locally predominant recipient.

Likewise, red would have been used if Romney won. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For related races, see United States elections, Presidential election results map.

Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state. Democratic Party presidential primaries, and Democratic National Convention.

Democratic Party presidential candidates, Republican Party presidential primaries, ; Prelude to the Republican presidential primaries, ; Republican Party presidential debates, ; and Republican National Convention.

Republican Party presidential candidates, Representative Ron Paul from Texas campaign. Political consultant and gay rights activist Fred Karger from California.

Former Speaker Newt Gingrich , from Georgia campaign. Former Senator Rick Santorum from Pennsylvania campaign. Former Governor Buddy Roemer of Louisiana campaign.

Governor Rick Perry of Texas campaign. Former Ambassador Jon Huntsman , from Utah campaign. Representative Michele Bachmann from Minnesota campaign.

Businessman Herman Cain , from Georgia campaign. Representative Thaddeus McCotter from Michigan campaign.

Former Governor Tim Pawlenty of Minnesota campaign. United States third party and independent presidential candidates, Barack Obama presidential campaign, ; Mitt Romney presidential campaign, ; Gary Johnson presidential campaign, ; Jill Stein presidential campaign, ; and Virgil Goode presidential campaign, United States presidential election debates, Total — 65,, International reactions to the United States presidential election, Results by state, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.

Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote. Results by state and the District of Columbia , scaled by number of Electors per state.

Cartogram of the electoral vote results, with each square representing one electoral vote. The Obamas and the Bidens embrace following the television announcement of their victory.

United States portal Politics portal s portal. Election Results for the U. Senate and the U. House of Representatives" PDF.

Retrieved December 7, Huffington Post Politics blog. Retrieved October 20, Archived from the original on September 9, The Surprising Reality by Andrew Hacker".

The New York Review of Books. Archived from the original on October 9, Retrieved April 10, Retrieved April 12, Retrieved July 5, Retrieved July 12, Retrieved December 28, Can he do the same in Florida?

The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved July 10, Archived October 20, , at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 29, The Des Moines Register.

The New York Times. What brought down Gingrich's campaign? Retrieved May 2, Retrieved May 30, Retrieved August 28, Retrieved August 31, Retrieved October 5, Retrieved October 8, Archived from the original on May 11, Retrieved May 11, Retrieved June 6, Archived from the original on December 6, Retrieved July 21, Retrieved December 3, Perry drops out, endorses Gingrich".

Retrieved January 25, Rick Perry declares GOP presidential bid". Retrieved August 18, My Mormonism is 'tough to define'" , Politico.

Retrieved January 5, Retrieved May 21, Retrieved May 22, Thaddeus McCotter to jump into Republican presidential race".

Retrieved June 27, Tim Pawlenty ends White House bid". Retrieved August 14, Archived from the original on October 25, Retrieved May 6, Retrieved July 15, Retrieved July 11, Archived from the original on September 8, Retrieved April 22, The Salt Lake Tribune.

Retrieved July 18, Retrieved February 1, Retrieved July 7, Retrieved December 9, Obama's Digital Fundraising Outperformed ".

The hundreds of thousands of television commercials broadcast by the presidential candidates are lopsidedly negative; this is the case with 80 percent of those put out by President Barack Obama and 84 percent of those for Mitt Romney.

Retrieved May 9, Americans for Prosperity, the Virginia-based nonprofit that finances grass-roots activities across the country and ran an early and relentless television ad assault against President Obama during the campaign.

Retrieved April 30, Retrieved November 14, Center for American Progress. Archived from the original on May 5, Retrieved May 10, The Wall Street Journal.

Retrieved April 19, Retrieved November 30, Retrieved June 17, Retrieved November 12, Retrieved May 13, Archived from the original on September 1, Retrieved October 31, Crowley is first woman in 20 years" , The Washington Post.

Retrieved August 15, Retrieved July 26, Retrieved February 11, United against Obama, Romney". Retrieved October 24, Retrieved October 18, Retrieved October 29, Retrieved October 25, Archived from the original on October 27, Retrieved October 26, Fahrenthold February 16, The Weekly Standard September 18, Retrieved August 12, Archived from the original on April 2, Archived from the original on December 1, Retrieved October 22, Retrieved February 25, Archived from the original on July 29, Retrieved January 18, Retrieved December 18, Retrieved December 26, Archived from the original on May 28, Running an insurgency campaign, Bradley positioned himself as the alternative to Gore, who was a founding member of the centrist Democratic Leadership Council.

While former basketball star Michael Jordan campaigned for him in the early primary states, Bradley announced his intention to campaign "in a different way" by conducting a positive campaign of "big ideas".

The focus of his campaign was a plan to spend the record-breaking budget surplus on a variety of social welfare programs to help the poor and the middle-class, along with campaign finance reform and gun control.

Gore easily defeated Bradley in the primaries, largely because of support from the Democratic Party establishment and Bradley's poor showing in the Iowa caucus, where Gore successfully painted Bradley as aloof and indifferent to the plight of farmers.

The closest Bradley came to a victory was his 50—46 loss to Gore in the New Hampshire primary. On March 14, Al Gore clinched the Democratic nomination.

None of Bradley's delegates were allowed to vote for him, so Gore won the nomination unanimously at the Democratic National Convention.

Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman was nominated for vice president by voice vote. Lieberman became the first Jewish American ever to be chosen for this position by a major party.

Gore chose Lieberman over five other finalists: Bush became the early front-runner, acquiring unprecedented funding and a broad base of leadership support based on his governorship of Texas and the name recognition and connections of the Bush family.

Former cabinet member George Shultz played an important early role in securing establishment Republican support for Bush. The group, which was "looking for a candidate for with good political instincts, someone they could work with", was impressed, and Shultz encouraged him to enter the race.

Several aspirants withdrew before the Iowa Caucus because they were unable to secure funding and endorsements sufficient to remain competitive with Bush.

Pat Buchanan dropped out to run for the Reform Party nomination. On the national stage, Bush was portrayed in the media as the establishment candidate.

McCain, with the support of many moderate Republicans and Independents, portrayed himself as a crusading insurgent who focused on campaign reform.

Gary Bauer dropped out. After coming in third in Delaware Forbes dropped out, leaving three candidates. Some McCain supporters blamed it on the Bush campaign, accusing them of mudslinging and dirty tricks, such as push polling that implied that McCain's adopted Bangladeshi-born daughter was an African-American child he fathered out of wedlock.

The primary election that year also affected the South Carolina State House , when a controversy about the Confederate flag flying over the capitol dome prompted the state legislature to move the flag to a less prominent position at a Civil War memorial on the capitol grounds.

Most GOP candidates said the issue should be left to South Carolina voters, though McCain later recanted and said the flag should be removed.

On February 24, McCain criticized Bush for accepting the endorsement of Bob Jones University despite its policy banning interracial dating.

On February 28, McCain also referred to Rev. Jerry Falwell and televangelist Pat Robertson as "agents of intolerance", a term he would later distance himself from during his bid.

He lost the state of Virginia to Bush on February McCain would eventually become the Republican presidential nominee 8 years later , which he then lost to Barack Obama.

Bush took the majority of the remaining contests and won the Republican nomination on March 14, winning his home state of Texas and his brother Jeb's home state of Florida among others.

Bush accepted the nomination of the Republican party. Bush asked former Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney to head up a team to help select a running mate for him, but ultimately, Bush decided that Cheney himself should be the vice presidential nominee.

Constitution does not specifically disallow a president and a vice president from the same state, it does prohibit electors from casting both of his or her votes for persons from his or her own state.

Accordingly, Cheney—who had been a resident of Texas for nearly 10 years—changed his voting registration back to Wyoming.

Had Cheney not done this, either he or Bush would have forfeited their electoral votes from the Texas electors. The nomination went to Pat Buchanan [16] and running mate Ezola Foster from California , over the objections of party founder Ross Perot and despite a rump convention nomination of John Hagelin by the Perot faction see Other nominations below.

In the end, the Federal Election Commission sided with Buchanan, and that ticket appeared on 49 of 51 possible ballots. Browne was nominated on the first ballot and Olivier received the vice presidential nomination on the second ballot.

Neil Smith and the national Libertarian Party. The Constitution Party was on the ballot in 41 states. Although the campaign focused mainly on domestic issues, such as the projected budget surplus, proposed reforms of Social Security and Medicare , health care, and competing plans for tax relief, foreign policy was often an issue.

Bush criticized Clinton administration policies in Somalia , where 18 Americans died in trying to sort out warring factions, and in the Balkans, where United States peacekeeping troops perform a variety of functions.

Bill Clinton 's impeachment and the sex scandal that led up to it cast a shadow on the campaign, particularly on his vice president's run to replace him.

Republicans strongly denounced the Clinton scandals, particularly Bush, who made his repeated promise to restore "honor and dignity" to the White House a centerpiece of his campaign.

Gore studiously avoided the Clinton scandals, as did Lieberman, even though Lieberman had been the first Democratic senator to denounce Clinton's misbehavior.

In fact, some media observers theorized that Gore actually chose Lieberman in an attempt to separate himself from Clinton's past misdeeds, and help blunt the GOP's attempts to link him to his boss.

Experts have argued that this could have cost Gore votes from some of Clinton's core supporters. Ralph Nader was the most successful of third-party candidates.

His campaign was marked by a traveling tour of large "super-rallies" held in sports arenas like Madison Square Garden , with retired talk show host Phil Donahue as master of ceremonies.

Both vice presidential candidates Dick Cheney and Joe Lieberman campaigned aggressively in the presidential election.

After the presidential election , the Commission on Presidential Debates set new candidate selection criteria. A settlement was reached that included an apology to Nader.

With the exceptions of Florida and Gore's home state of Tennessee , Bush carried the Southern states by comfortable margins including then-President Bill Clinton's home state of Arkansas and also secured wins in Ohio , Indiana , most of the rural Midwestern farming states, most of the Rocky Mountain states, and Alaska.

As the night wore on, the returns in a handful of small-to-medium-sized states, including Wisconsin and Iowa , were extremely close; however, it was the state of Florida that would decide the winner of the election.

As the final national results were tallied the following morning, Bush had clearly won a total of electoral votes, while Gore had won votes. Two hundred and seventy votes were needed to win.

Two smaller states — Wisconsin 11 electoral votes and Oregon 7 electoral votes — were still too close to call. It was Florida 25 electoral votes , however, on which the news media focused its attention.

Mathematically, Florida's 25 electoral votes became the key to an election win for either candidate. Although both Wisconsin and Oregon were declared in favor of Gore over the next few days, Florida's statewide vote took center stage because that state's winner would ultimately win the election.

The outcome of the election was not known for more than a month after the balloting ended because of the time required to count and recount Florida's presidential ballots.

They based this prediction substantially on exit polls. However, in the actual vote tally Bush began to take a wide lead early in Florida, and by 10 p.

EST the networks had retracted that prediction and placed Florida back into the "undecided" column. However, most of the remaining votes to be counted in Florida were located in three heavily Democratic counties— Broward , Miami-Dade , and Palm Beach —and as their votes were reported Gore began to gain on Bush.

Gore, who had privately conceded the election to Bush, withdrew his concession. The final result in Florida was slim enough to require a mandatory recount by machine under state law; Bush's lead dwindled to just over votes when it was completed the day after the election.

On November 8, Florida Division of Elections staff prepared a press release for Secretary of State Harris that said overseas ballots must be "postmarked or signed and dated" by Election Day.

It was never released. According to a report by The New York Times , of the accepted overseas ballots were received after the legal deadline, lacked required postmarks, were unsigned or undated, cast after election day, from unregistered voters or voters not requesting ballots, lacked a witness signature or address, or were double-counted.

Most of the post-electoral controversy revolved around Gore's request for hand recounts in four counties Broward, Miami Dade, Palm Beach, and Volusia , as provided under Florida state law.

Bush's election efforts in Florida announced she would reject any revised totals from those counties if they were not turned in by 5: Miami-Dade eventually halted its recount and resubmitted its original total to the state canvassing board, while Palm Beach County failed to meet the extended deadline, turning in its completed recount results at 7: On November 26, the state canvassing board certified Bush the winner of Florida's electors by votes.

Gore formally contested the certified results. A state court decision overruling Gore was reversed by the Florida Supreme Court, which ordered a recount of over 70, ballots previously rejected as undervotes by machine counters.

Supreme Court halted that order the next day, with Justice Scalia issuing a concurring opinion that "the counting of votes that are of questionable legality does in my view threaten irreparable harm to petitioner" Bush.

On December 12, the Supreme Court ruled in a 7—2 vote that the Florida Supreme Court's ruling requiring a statewide recount of ballots was unconstitutional on equal protection grounds, and in a 5—4 vote reversed and remanded the case to the Florida Supreme Court for modification prior to the optional "safe harbor" deadline, which the Florida court had said the state intended to meet.

With only two hours remaining until the December 12 deadline, the Supreme Court's order effectively ended the recount, and the previously certified total held.

Even if the Supreme Court had decided differently in Bush v. Gore, the Florida Legislature had been meeting in Special Session since December 8 with the sole stated purpose being the selection of a slate of electors on December 12, should the dispute still be ongoing.

The electors would then only have been rejected if both GOP-controlled houses had agreed to reject them. Though Gore came in second in the electoral vote, he received , more popular votes than Bush, [47] making him the first person since Grover Cleveland in to win the popular vote but lose in the Electoral College.

Furthermore, Gore lost West Virginia , a state that had voted Republican only once in the previous six presidential elections, [49] and Bill Clinton's home state of Arkansas , which had voted twice before to elect Gore vice president.

A victory in any of these three states would have given Gore enough electoral votes to win the presidency. Bush was the first Republican in American history to win the presidency without winning Vermont or Illinois, the second Republican to win the presidency without winning California James A.

Garfield in was the first or Pennsylvania Richard Nixon in was the first , and the first winning Republican not to receive any electoral votes from California Garfield received one vote in Bush also lost in Connecticut, the state of his birth.

As of , Bush is the last Republican nominee to win New Hampshire. This is the first time since Iowa entered the union in in which the state voted for a Democratic presidential candidate in four elections in a row ,, and , and the last time Iowa didn't vote for the overall winner.

There were only two counties in the entire nation that voted Democratic in and that had voted Republican in The election was also the last time a Republican won a number of populous urban counties that have since turned into Democratic strongholds.

Conversely, as of Gore is the last Democrat to have won any counties at all in Oklahoma. Vote share by county for Green Party candidate Ralph Nader.

Darker shades indicate a stronger Green performance. Data comes from https: Thus, in Arizona, Smith received 5, votes, constituting 0.

When adding Smith's 5, votes to Browne's , votes nationwide, that brings the total votes cast for president for the Libertarian Party in to ,, or 0.

In both states, two electoral votes are awarded to the winner of the statewide race and one electoral vote is awarded to the winner of each congressional district.

The following table records the official presidential vote tallies for Maine and Nebraska's congressional districts. The Libertarian Party of Arizona opted to place L.

Neil Smith on the ballot in Browne's place. When adding Smith's 5, Arizona votes to Browne's , votes nationwide, that brings the total presidential votes cast for the Libertarian Party in to , Bush became the president-elect and began forming his transition committee.

On January 6, , a joint session of Congress met to certify the electoral vote. Twenty members of the House of Representatives , most of them members of the all-Democratic Congressional Black Caucus , rose one-by-one to file objections to the electoral votes of Florida.

However, pursuant to the Electoral Count Act of , any such objection had to be sponsored by both a representative and a senator. No senator would co-sponsor these objections, deferring to the Supreme Court's ruling.

Therefore, Gore, who presided in his capacity as President of the Senate , ruled each of these objections out of order.

Subsequently, the joint session of Congress certified the electoral votes from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Bush took the oath of office on January 20, He would serve for the next eight years.

Gore has not, as of , considered another presidential run, endorsing Howard Dean's candidacy during the Democratic primary and remaining neutral in the Democratic primaries of and The commission found that under most scenarios for completion of the initiated recounts, Bush would have won the election; however, Gore would have won using the most generous standards for undervotes.

Petersburg Times [60] —hired NORC at the University of Chicago [61] to examine , ballots that were collected from the entire state, not just the disputed counties that were recounted; these ballots contained undervotes ballots with no machine-detected choice made for president and overvotes ballots with more than one choice marked.

Their goal was to determine the reliability and accuracy of the systems used for the voting process. Based on the NORC review, the media group concluded that if the disputes over all the ballots in question had been resolved by applying statewide any of five standards that would have met Florida's legal standard for recounts, the electoral result would have been reversed and Gore would have won by 60 to votes.

Any analysis of NORC data requires, for each punch ballot, at least two of the three ballot reviewers' codes to agree or instead, for all three to agree.

For all undervotes and overvotes statewide, these five standards are: Such a statewide review including all uncounted votes was a tangible possibility, as Leon County Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis , whom the Florida Supreme Court had assigned to oversee the statewide recount, had scheduled a hearing for December 13 mooted by the U.

Supreme Court's final ruling on the 12th to consider the question of including overvotes as well as undervotes. Subsequent statements by Judge Lewis and internal court documents support the likelihood of including overvotes in the recount.

Further, according to sociologists Christopher Uggen and Jeff Manza, the election might have gone to Gore if the disenfranchised population of Florida had voted.

Florida law disenfranchises convicted felons, requiring individual applications to regain suffrage. In their American Sociological Review article, Uggen and Manza found that the released felon vote could have altered the outcome of seven senatorial races between and , and the presidential election.

Because the presidential election was so close in Florida, the United States government and state governments pushed for election reform to be prepared by the presidential election.

Many of Florida's year election night problems stemmed from usability and ballot design factors with voting systems, including the potentially confusing " butterfly ballot ".

Many voters had difficulties with the paper-based punch card voting machines and were either unable to understand the required process for voting or unable to perform the process.

This resulted in an unusual amount of overvote voting for more candidates than is allowed and undervotes voting for fewer than the minimum candidates, including none at all.

Many undervotes were caused by voter error, unmaintained punch card voting booths, or errors having to do merely with the characteristics of punch card ballots resulting in hanging, dimpled, or pregnant chads.

A proposed solution to these problems was the installation of modern electronic voting machines. The United States presidential election of spurred the debate about election and voting reform, but it did not end it.

In the aftermath of the election, the Help America Vote Act HAVA was passed to help states upgrade their election technology in the hopes of preventing similar problems in future elections.

Unfortunately, the electronic voting systems that many states purchased to comply with HAVA actually caused problems in the presidential election of The Voter News Service 's reputation was damaged by its treatment of Florida's presidential vote in Breaking its own guidelines, [ citation needed ] VNS called the state as a win for Gore 12 minutes before polls closed in the Florida panhandle.

Although most of the state is in the Eastern Time Zone, counties in the Florida panhandle, located in the Central Time Zone, had not yet closed their polls.

Discrepancies between the results of exit polls and the actual vote count caused the VNS to change its call twice, first from Gore to Bush and then to "too close to call".

Due in part to this and other polling inaccuracies [ citation needed ] the VNS was disbanded in According to Bush adviser Karl Rove , exit polls early in the afternoon on election day showed Gore winning by three percentage points, but when the networks called the state for Gore, Bush led by about 75, votes in raw tallies from the Florida Secretary of State.

Also, charges of media bias were leveled against the networks by Republicans. They claimed that the networks called states more quickly for Al Gore than for George W.

Congress held hearings on this matter, [ citation needed ] and the networks claimed to have no intentional bias in their election night reporting.

However, a study of the calls made on election night indicated that states carried by Gore were called more quickly than states won by Bush [ citation needed ] ; however, notable Bush states, like New Hampshire and Florida, were very close, and close Gore states like Iowa, Oregon, New Mexico and Wisconsin were called late as well.

Because the Florida call was widely seen as an indicator that Gore had won the election, it is possible that it depressed Republican turnout in these states during the final hours of voting, giving Gore the slim margin by which he carried each of them.

Likewise, the call may have affected the outcome of the Senate election in Washington state , where incumbent Republican Slade Gorton was defeated by approximately 2, votes statewide.

Many Gore supporters claimed that third-party candidate Nader acted as a spoiler in the election since Nader votes could have been cast for Gore, and for instance, Nader allegedly threw the election outcome to Bush.

Winning either state would have won the general election for Gore. Defenders of Nader, including Dan Perkins , argued that the margin in Florida was small enough that Democrats could blame any number of third-party candidates for the defeat, including Workers World Party candidate Monica Moorehead , who received 1, votes.

Nader's reputation was hurt by this perception, which may have hindered his goals as an activist. For example, Mother Jones wrote about the so-called "rank-and-file liberals" who saw Nader negatively after the election and pointed that Public Citizen , the organization Nader founded in , had a new fundraising problem in its own founder, citing a drop in contributions.

Mother Jones also cited a Public Citizen's letter sent out to people interested in Nader's relation with the organization at that time, with the disclaimer: Public Citizen—and the other groups that Mr.

In the January 24, , issue [75] of the DLC's Blueprint magazine, [76] he wrote, "I think they're wrong on all counts. The assertion that Nader's marginal vote hurt Gore is not borne out by polling data.

When exit pollers asked voters how they would have voted in a two-way race, Bush actually won by a point. That was better than he did with Nader in the race.

In an online article published by Salon. According to Hightower, , self-described liberals in Florida voted for Bush, while fewer than 34, voted for Nader.

Even when Gore went skittering across the country in August on a widely ballyhooed "Working Families Tour," he had the Clinton administration's favorite Wall Streeter, Robert Rubin , by his side, sending a stage wink to the corporate powers, assuring them that all his [Gore's] quasi-populist posturing was only rhetoric — not to worry, Rubin still has a grip on policy.

In their book The Nightly News Nightmare: Robert Lichter alleged most media outlets influenced the outcome of the election through the use of horse race journalism.

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